Observation Study Design Paper

Decent Essays
Observation Study Design
Leazaun Thornton
Walden University

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for
Dr. Aaron B. Mendelsohn, PhD, MPH
Tuberculosis continues to infect a large percentage of the world's population, infecting more than 8.8 million people per year, and killing 1.6 million people per year. A major risk factor of tuberculosis is Diabetes Mellitus causing complications involving the circulation and the body's ability to fight infection. There is major concern in low- to middle- income countries about the increase of both diabetes and tuberculosis. An assessment is necessary due to the public health inference there is a casual link between diabetes and tuberculosis. So, observational studies were conducted that
…show more content…
The cohort studies revealed that compared with people who do not have diabetes; people with diabetes have an approximately 3-fold risk of developing active tuberculosis (Jeon & Murray, 2008). Higher increases in risk were seen among younger people, in populations with high background tuberculosis incidence, and in non-North American populations. According to Jeon & Murray (2008), heterogeneity of strengths of association may reflect true geographic/ethnic differences in severity of diabetes, transmission dynamics of tuberculosis, and the distribution of effect modifiers such as age, or it may be due to differences in study methodology or rigor. The summary estimate may not be correct to all populations as all cohort studies were conducted in Asia. Finally, people with diabetes may be important targets for interventions such as active case finding and treatment of latent tuberculosis and efforts to diagnose, detect, and treat diabetes may have a beneficial impact on tuberculosis control (Murray,

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    packaging design by data analysis and a project practice. My project will based on a existing brand and logo, creating a series illustrations, which makes this brand more unique and customer attracted. Cow and the Moon artisan gelato bar is a famous ice-cream shop located in Newtown, Sydney, they owned the honour of the world…

    • 1119 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This paper proposes a system in identifying, applying and managing design-driven innovation. Roberto Verganti, professor of Innovation Management, suggests that design-driven innovation can benefit from the adaptation of existing ideas in technology management. Verganti outlines the lack of literature on the matter and goes onto propose further exploration. Strengths, Weaknesses & Value: A timely study on unifying a theory for the management of innovation while providing useful guidelines…

    • 792 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Informed Consent

    • 1564 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Psychologists perform the roles as administrators, educators, and researchers have the obligation to respect, safeguard civil and human rights; further expanding their knowledge on creativity and innovation in publication, observation, and teaching. There are eight ethical guidelines this paper will address, which are (a) informed consent, (b) privacy and confidentiality, (c) data handling and reporting, (d) mistakes and negligence, (e) plagiarism, (f) risk assessment, (g) working with a Mentor, and (h) the…

    • 1564 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays