Obesity Epidemic : Obesity And Obesity Essay

805 Words Mar 26th, 2016 4 Pages
1.0 Introduction

1.1 Obesity Epidemic

Obesity is currently defined by the WHO as an individual having a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2, with BMI being defined as weight in Kilograms, divided by height in meters squared. Anyone with a BMI ≥ 25 is also considered to be overweight (Kuczmarski et al., 1997). Looking at Obesity statistics globally, it shows that in the United States of America 54% of adults are now considered overweight, with 22% of their national adult population being obese (Hill, 1998). Arguably, however, this is not the most alarming statistic one can read when research obesity on the global level; childhood obesity is rising, and fast, currently there are 22 million overweight children when we look at the 0 to 5 age range. Furthermore, it has been observed worldwide that the number of overweight children has doubled over the last twenty to thirty years (Deckelbaum and Williams, 2001). Even more worryingly, further still, it has been discovered that overweight adolescents and children are at a greater risk of becoming overweight, or obese adults (Deitel, 2002). Because of this, these increases in the average childhood weight will obviously pose massive implications for healthcare systems worldwide. As this generation of children continues to age, the effects of obesity will become ever more present in both the hospital and community setting. Our healthcare systems will have to adapt to deal with the rise of metabolic complications associated with obesity such as…

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