Obesity : A Serious Medical Condition That Not Only Affects Adults

1359 Words Oct 31st, 2016 6 Pages
Obesity is a serious medical condition that not only affects adults but children and adolescents. Childhood obesity occurs when a child 's weight is significantly above the average weight for his or her age and height. A child is classified as overweight when their BMI is at or above the 85th percentile but below the 95th percentile for children and adolescents of the same sex and age. When a child is classified as obese their BMI is at or above the 95th percentile of children and adolescents of the same sex and age. BMI is determined by dividing an individual 's weight in kilograms by his/her height in meters squared (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2015). According to the CDC (2015), in the last 30 years, obesity rates have more than doubled in children and quadrupled in teenagers. While childhood obesity has become a worldwide concern, in the United States today, one in three children is considered overweight or obese. Each year, there are more than three million new cases of childhood obesity. Approximately 300,000 deaths per year are contributed to overweight and obesity, making it the second leading cause of preventative death in the U.S. Childhood obesity tends to affect certain races more than others. Hispanic (21.9%) and non-Hispanic blacks (19.5%) tend to have a higher prevalence of obesity than non-Hispanic white (14.7%). In non-Hispanic Asian youth (8.6%), the prevalence of obesity is much lower than Hispanic, non-Hispanic black or…

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