Essay on Obesity : A Serious And Common Weight Disease

1022 Words Sep 24th, 2015 5 Pages
Obesity is a very serious and common weight disease that is increasing rapidly every year. Most of the individuals who suffer from morbid obesity have extreme difficulty losing weight, therefore they look towards bariatric weight loss surgeries. Some of the bariatric surgeries are gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, adjustable gastric band, and biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch. Gastric bypass surgery is becoming the most common of these because patients are showing to lose more weight than the other surgeries. There are many advantages and disadvantages to having gastric bypass surgery to help morbid obesity; however the risks of having gastric bypass surgery outweigh the benefits. Morbid obesity is determined by BMI, or body mass index. Normal BMI for individuals ranges from 20-25. Clinically diagnosed morbid obesity is when an individual is 100 pounds over their ideal weight or have a BMI of 35 or more. This can interfere with basic physical functions such as breathing or walking. Individuals who are morbidly obese are at greater risk for illnesses including diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, GERD, gallstones, osteoarthritis, heart disease, and cancer. In America more than 78.6 million adults suffer from morbid obesity and about 12.7 million of children and adolescents aged 2-19 years are obese or on the way to becoming obese. Bariatric surgery restricts food intake, which leads to weight loss. Of the patients who underwent gastric bypass…

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