Nutritional Needs of a Pregnant Woman Compared to Those of an Adolescent

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Within this assignment I am going to look at the main nutritional needs for pregnant women and adolescents and discuss the similarities and differences between their nutritional requirements.
[1] Firstly, the nutrients needed by pregnant women are Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Vitamin B – (B1, B2, B3 & B6), Folic Acid (B9), Calcium, Iron, Protein, zinc. (2011)
Vitamin A is needed for the baby and mother need because it helps to develop bones and teeth. The pregnant mother must take 770 micrograms of Vitamin A per day. There are many different food sources in which you can find vitamin A, these are: milk, eggs, carrots, spinach, green and yellow vegetables, broccoli, potatoes.
Vitamin D is needed as it helps the body
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The dose needed is 18 milligrams per day. Food sources in which vitamin B3 can be found are high-protein foods, fortified cereals and breads, meats, fish, milk, eggs, peanuts.
Vitamin B6 is needed because it helps to form red blood cells and helps with morning sickness. The dose needed is 1.9 milligrams per day. Food sources in which vitamin B6 can found are chicken, fish, liver, pork, eggs, soybeans, carrots, cabbage, cantaloupe, peas and spinach.
Folic acid also known as vitamin B9 is needed as it helps to support the placenta, and prevents spina bifida and other neural tube defects. The dose needed is 400 micrograms per day. Food sources in which folic acid can be found are oranges, orange juice, strawberries, green leafy vegetables, spinach, beets and broccoli.
Calcium is needed as it creates strong bones and teeth, helps prevent blood clots, helps muscles and nerves function. The dose needed is 1,000-1300 milligrams per day. Food sources in which calcium is found are yogurt, milk, cheddar cheese, calcium-fortified foods like soy milk, juices, breads, cereals, dark green leafy vegetables, and canned fish with bones.
Iron is needed as it helps in the production of haemoglobin; prevents anaemia, low birth weight, and premature delivery. The dose needed is 27 milligrams per day. Food sources in which iron can be found are beef, pork, dried beans, spinach, dried fruits, wheat germ, oatmeal or grains fortified with iron.

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