Nutrition Of Malnutrition And Obesity Essay
Sub title: how to be more nutrition-smart in China?
Problems: Malnutrition in rural areas Obesity in urban areas
China has succeeded in feeding 18% of world population with only 7% of cultivated land(Zhang, 2011). Since fewer people are starving, consideration had been given to shifting focus from alleviating hunger to nutrition smart. Simultaneous challenges of obesity and malnutrition have determined the difficulty of gaining the objective of being nutrition smart in China. Weight gain and obesity in urban China, which are prevalent among both adults and children, has reached a relatively high degree in China (Du et al, 2002). Malnutrition usually appears in rural areas due to the rooted poverty.
• Booming population: It is estimated that Chinese population will reach the peak in 2030 at 1.45 billion people. It is significantly difficult, not only guaranteeing enough food to eat, but also eating nutritious.
• Income level: Lower agricultural subsidy, difficulty of accessing to community service due to institutional obstacles and reducing price of produce deepens the income imbalance.(Fan, 2015). Therefore, the accomplishment of nutrition transition in China requires the shrinking of the distance between different income levels (Attard et.al, 2015).
• Eating habits: Increasing consumption of edible vegetable oil, sweetening products and snacking demonstrates the excessive intake of fat and carbohydrate which…