Hunger In Ethiopia

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Ethiopia, a country landlocked in the Horn of Africa, has just about everything going for it to experience mass famine. One major reason for Ethiopia’s eternal hunger is the geopolitics of the country. Ethiopia is surrounded by land, and other unstable countries on all sides, since 1993, when Eritrea gained its independence and Ethiopia lost its coastline (The World FactBook). In addition to having no easy route to any other countries for trade, Ethiopia also has poor irrigation due to its lack of a coast, which severely hurts the agricultural sector of Ethiopia. This is a huge factor because agriculture accounts for 95% of Ethiopia’s exports, and 40% of its GDP (The World FactBook). The whole Horn of Africa has been experiencing a drought …show more content…
The people are entirely reliant on outside sources to survive the poor location and weather patterns Ethiopia suffers from. In addition to the dreadful geopolitics, Ethiopia is also suffering from poor government regulation. Protests against the government have been occurring since November of 2015 (“Ethiopia Declares…”). Instead of focusing on how to feed the people which would help satisfy them, the government is focused on how to end the protests. There are many things that are being done, or can be done to help Ethiopia combat food insecurity, including Food Assistance Programs, a Red Sea Port, and a more stable government. According to the World Food Programme, Ethiopia receives the largest percentage of food aid in the world at 16% of all aid being contributed to this country. There are many food assistance programs present in Ethiopia to help end the insufferable hunger. Ethiopia’s Faffa Food Share Company has partnered …show more content…
The Chinese Civil Engineering Construction Corporation and China Railway Group (CREC) are building a railway to connect Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s capital, to Djibouti, a port on the Red Sea. The project costs $1.2 billion, however, the Export-Import Bank of China is footing 70% of the bill, and the Ethiopian government the other 30%. This railway links Ethiopia to eight other rails, opening many important trade routes (Engdahl). It will take approximately eight hours to get goods from Ethiopia to the Red Sea, opening direct trade with China and Asia, and cuts the time it would usually take dramatically. This is a part of the Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) put forth by the Ethiopian government to help the country escape poverty, which also includes new roads and dams to help increase the GDP by an estimated 8% per year. While this helps Ethiopia greatly, it also benefits the Chinese government as they are giving themselves access to more markets inside Ethiopia, boosting the economy and market as other countries, like India and Turkey, begin to also invest in the country since it will now have a sea port (Engdahl). However, no countries will want to further invest in Ethiopia to open it more up for trade if there are violent protests that make the country

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