College Student Nutrition Case Study Essay

1865 Words 8 Pages
College students’ nutrition and its effect on physical, cognitive, emotional, and social domains.

Physical:

Amuta, A. O., Crosslin, K., Goodman, J., & Barry, A. E. (2016). Impact of Type 2 Diabetes Threat Appraisal on Physical Activity and Nutrition Behaviors among Overweight and Obese College Students. American Journal Of Health Behavior, 40(4), 396-404.

Important study details:
• Type 2 diabetes is a major issue due to growing obesity rates and sedentary lifestyles.
• College students fail to meet daily servings of fruit that can reduce risk of T2D
• 24% are not involved in any physical activity
• 195 over weight and 124 obese out of 319 students studied
• The amount of physical exercise also depends on family beliefs, views, and
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It relates lack of physical activity as well as malnutrition to Type 2 diabetes. The results were that the consumption of more fruit and vegetable only had a weak effect on T2D. Family history greatly influences the risk of T2D.

Deforche, B., Van Dyck, D., Deliens, T., & De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2015). Changes in weight, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and dietary intake during the transition to higher education: a prospective study. International Journal Of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity, 121-10.

• Physical activity was determined by Flemish Physical Activity Questionnaire
• Sedentary behavior was measured using Sedentary Behavior Questionnaire
• Dietary intake was assessed using Food Frequency Questionnaire
• Average weight students gained was 2.7kg. boys had gained 4.2 kg, girls had gained 1.9kg
• Purpose was to investigate and record changes in weight and nutrition during transition from high school to college.
• Weight gain contribution for boys were alcohol, but not girls
• Weight gain contribution for girls were decrease in fruit/vegetable intake, but not
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Two main health problems of college students are depressive symptoms and stress.
• The kind of foods someone decides to eat depends on the individual’s stress level.
• Food-mood relationship: 1. Carbohydrate consumption alleviates depressive moods. 2. When students feel stressed, they tend to comsume more types of sweet foods. 3. Stress not only increased food consumption in certain individuals but also shifted lower fat to higher fat food choices. 4. Fish and meat (omega 3 fatty acids might be linked to depression. Less meat consumption led to higher depressive symptoms.5. Individuals who consumed whole foods were least likely to be depressed compared to individuals with low intake.
• Female consumed more sweets, male ate more fast foods. Females also consumed veggies and cereal more commonly than male. Men ate more meat and

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