Callista Roy's Adaptation Model

Superior Essays
Roy’s Adaptation Model

Paloma Garcia Duran, Sophia Jones, Amanda Mudge, Christina Tep, and Kayla Witmer
Sam Houston State University – The Woodlands Center
NURS 3351 Nursing Concepts I
July 7, 2015

Nurses have the social responsibility of providing an appropriate care, protecting the patients, and optimizing the healthcare system (ANA, 2010, p. 10). To fulfill such responsibility towards society, nurses need to implement evidence-based practice (EBP) in their nursing practice, which is the “practice based on the best available evidence, patient preferences, and clinical judgment” (Schmidt & Brown, 2015, p. 4). To implement EBP, nurses need to analyze research, which requires an understanding of the nursing theories because these are the
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Callista Roy is a sister, professor, and theorist. Born on October 14, 1939 in Los Angeles, California; Dr. Roy is the oldest daughter of a family of fourteen children. As a child, her mother worked as a licensed vocational nurse and provided her with the foundation of the values of caring for others and selfless giving. Along with the values of caring, she was surrounded with strong religious beliefs, faith, and the commitment to God all throughout her childhood. With the religious influence throughout her childhood, as an adult, Dr. Roy devoted herself to religion and entered the Sisters of Saint Joseph of Carondele in which later became “Sister Callista …show more content…
Roy approached her model in a scientific and systematic way in an attempt to guide the nursing process. Her background in pediatric services gave her insight on the important relationship between health and adaptation. The three concepts of the model are person, health, and nursing, all of which are considered successful when they have become properly adapted. These concepts adapt due to changes in internal and external stimuli. The role of the nurse is to promote the adaptation of the individual in response to the various stimuli. The focus on adaptation is what makes this theory continue to be applicable in modern nursing practice. Sister Callista Roy’s adaptation model inspires healthcare professionals to view patients as continuously evolving, biopsychosocial beings. Applying this theory leads to patient-centered care for each patient as they adapt. By following her model of adaptation, nurses are able to provide better and more individualized care.

References
Neuman, C. E., & Dixon, J. F. (Eds.). (2010). Nursing’s social policy statement: The essence of the profession. (3rd ed.). Silver Spring, MD.: American Nurses Association.
Schmidt, N. A., & Brown, J. M. (2014). Evidence-based practice for nurses: Appraisal and application of research, (3rd ed). Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett.
Creasia, J. L., & Friberg E. E. (2011). Conceptual foundations: The bridge to

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