Nuclear, Biological, Chemical ( Nbc ) Attack Or Accident? Essay

716 Words Oct 20th, 2016 3 Pages
The specter of nuclear, biological, chemical (NBC) attack or accident has loomed over our society for generations. Of the family of chemical agents, is the class of vesicants – also known as Blister Agents. Though there are different types of blister agents, their mechanism of action against their victims are the same. A wide spectrum of protective equipment and detection devices are commercially available for first responders in contending with a blister agent incident. Weaponized blister agent was born in war; the threat of usage by terrorists or an accidental release, requires that first responders be knowledgeable and equipped to perform their mission if encountering a blister agent incident.
Vesicants, commonly known as blister agents, are categorized into three groups: Sulphur mustards, nitrogen mustards and lewisite. Sulphur mustards are, as the name implies. Sulphur based and include mustard gas of the type first used during World War I and, most recently during the Iran-Iraq War (OSHA n.d.). Not widely known, is that mustard gas bombs were used by Egyptian troops against royalist troops in North Yemen during the 1963-1967 war (Medscape 2016). Nitrogen mustards are similar to their mustard based cousins, except being based on nitrogen. Lewisite, was an early type of arsenic based blister agent developed during World War I, but not used in that conflict and rendered obsolete by 1940 by the British created anti-Lewisite medicine Dimercaprol.
These agents are oily and…

Related Documents