Nuclear Accidents : Chernobyl And Fukushima Essay
President Franklin D. Roosevelt cited December 7, 1941 as “a date that will live in infamy.” Two dates in like manner of infamy pertinence to nuclear catastrophe are April 26, 1986 in Chernobyl, Ukraine and March 11, 2011 in Fukushima, Japan. Both incidents embroil a disaster at a nuclear facility exposing radioactive materials and setting unprecedented score the nuclear severity scale. Be that as it may numerous differences arises in terms of causes, responses, and impact of the respective circumstances.
The utmost prominent similarity amid the Chernobyl and Fukushima accident in regard to classification as a major accident subsequent to the discharge of radioactive material (Cesium-317, Strontium, and Plutonium) and its aftermath on people and environment. Hereafter, Chernobyl and Fukushima accident earned the highest rating of 7 on the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale (INES). An established disaster plan was followed in the evacuation and containment of the surrounding area to ensure public safety. Additionally, studied was conducted by the United Nations (UN) to determine the residual radiation effect following both incidents. This is the extent of the similarities of both circumstances.
The first disparity between the Chernobyl and Fukushima accident is the causes. The Chernobyl accident was caused by human error in conducting the plant outside its technical specifications and failure to notify the proper…