Notes On Memory And Its Effects On The Recall Of A Flashbulb Memory
(1) Explain what each of the following terms means: (a) Consistency bias, (b) retroactive interference, (c) proactive interference.
1a: Consistency bias means that people tend to exaggerate the consistency between our past feelings or beliefs with our current viewpoint.
1b: Retroactive interference means that people have trouble recalling old material because of recently learned material interfering with old memories.
1c: Proactive interference means that people have trouble recalling new material because of old material interfering with new memories.
(4) (a) Explain what the term "flashbulb memory” means. (b) What are the 6 kinds of information typically found for flashbulb memories? (c) How might schemas lead to a distortion in the recall of a flashbulb memory? (Give an example) (d) How might misleading post-event information also influence this recall? (Give an example) (e) How might source monitoring errors lead to a distortion in flashbulb memories? (Give an example)
4a: Flashbulb memory refers to memories first learned about in a surprising and emotionally arousing event.
4b: The six kinds of information typically found in flashbulb memories include: place, ongoing activity, informant, own affect, other affect, and aftermath.
4c: In the recall of a flashbulb memory, schemas can distort the memory by influencing a person to remember something that has not happened because it is more believable in their perception. For example, news reports…