Essay on Notes On Deciduous Tree Grafting
1256 Words Oct 17th, 2016 6 Pages
The Apple Tree, or Malus pumila, is a deciduous tree in the rose family that is best known for its pome fruit, the apple. The most widely cultivated tree within the genus Malus, the Apple Tree has been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe and was brought to North America by European Colonists in the 17th century. In 1625, the first apple orchard in North America was planted within the Boston area by Reverend William Blaxton.
Typically, a cultivated Apple tree can stand anywhere from 1.8m to 4.6m, while a feral trees top out around 12m. The trees themselves, on average, are usually largest when grown from seed, however, most Apple varieties are propagated by grafting. Grafting is used primarily in order to obtain benefits of particular rootstocks and/or change the existing cultivar of an already established plant. Furthermore, grafting also allows for faster maturation and can also be used to repair damage. Currently, there are upwards of 7,500 known cultivars of apples, which allows for a wide array of uses, such as cooking, consumption and juicing.
In terms of propagation environment, Apple Trees thrive in temperate climates, where winters are cold and summers are moderate. Optimal humidity levels tend to be medium to high. Well drained soils are necessary for Apple production, as rooting tends to be shallow. Wet soils often result in poor aeration, which can lead to crown rot and/or restricted development. The most…