Over time, however, the ideas and influence of the Italian Renaissance spread to other areas of Europe. The "Northern" Renaissance refers to Renaissance art, architecture, and philosophy that took place outside of Italy.
French Kings and nobles began to build bright pleasure palaces called chateaus instead of the dark fortress castles of the Middle Ages. Many chateaus had large landscaped gardens filled with statues and fountains.
Dutch Dutch painters brought a new approach to detail, realism, and naturalism. They also came up with innovations on how to handle oil paint, allowing them to make very detailed and accurate paintings. Some of the early important Dutch painters included Jan van Eyck, Robert Campin, and Gerard …show more content…
His ideas attacked the Catholic Church and caused many people to rethink Christianity.
Finally, Many foreign artists were imported to the Tudor court and their ideas began take root in England.
The Popular playwrights such as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe wrote some of the most memorable plays in world history. Permanent theatres were established throughout London where a variety of plays were staged including tragedies, comedies, and history plays.
Age Spain and Portugal were funding expeditions that discovered trade routes to the Far East, the Americas, and circumnavigated the globe.
Interesting Facts about the Northern Renaissance
Nuremberg in southern Germany was the central city of the German Renaissance.
Dutch artists were some of the first western artists to specialize in landscapes.
The Portuguese invented the caravel during the Renaissance. This maneuverable sailing ship helped improve trade, exploration, and travel.
French-Dutch composer Josquin des Prez is often considered the world's first musical genius.
The word "renaissance" is a French word that means "rebirth".
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This wealth allowed prominent families to support artists, scientists, and philosophers spurring on new ideas and artistic movements.
Florence is where the Renaissance first began. It was ruled by the powerful Medici Family who used their money to support artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. One of the early architectural achievements of the Renaissance was the massive dome on the Florence Cathedral. Florence was known for its textile production as well as a banking center.
In the early 1400s Milan was still a Middle Ages city focused on war and conquering Florence. However, the Sforza family took over in 1450. They brought peace to the region and with peace came the new ideas and art of the Renaissance. Milan was famous for its metalwork which included suits of armor.
The island city of Venice had become a powerful city-state through trade with the Far East. It imported products such as spices and silk. However, when the Ottoman Empire conquered Constantinople, Venice's trade empire began to shrink. Venice controlled the seas around the east coast of Italy and was famous for its artistic glassware.