Theoretical Approach To Social Exclusion

2245 Words 9 Pages
This essay will attempt to provide an explicitly normative approach to Social Exclusion from a sociological perspective, while discussing a theoretical approach that assists with the analysis of it. It will likewise evaluate the processes of social fragmentation and exclusion along with evaluating the positive and negative effects this has on individuals and society as a whole.
The term social exclusion initially emerged from the social policy market, nevertheless it is difficult to discover an underlying attribute to all the possible categories of social exclusion, therefore, the definitions and theoretical approaches of it are unmanageable. The Social Exclusion Unit (2004) put forward that “social exclusion is about more than income poverty;
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This perspective on social exclusion is uncomfortably close to debates on the ‘working-class’ (Murry, 1990) and like the ‘sterile and stigmatising discourse on the ‘upper-class’ (Lister, 1990). Since Margaret Thatcher’s death, there has been considerable discussion of her economic and social legacy. According to Vine (2006) one of her central aims was to move the UK from the post-war consensus of a managed economy which was reinforced by the welfare state, to a more liberalised form of ‘market capitalism’. Although there have been many economic and social changes stemming from this shift and from other policies of her government, it has showed a massive rise in levels of inequality and fragmentation during her period in office. A greater share of the nation’s income and wealth went to the top income groups; in contrast a smaller share went to the bottom income groups. When Thatcher came in to power in 1979, the process began that saw unemployment rise, social housing stocks diminish and schools and hospitals became deeply dysfunctional from the lack of funds. A term was created for those; that was the ‘working-class’ with their problems being social exclusion, likewise in a capitalist society it is a way of describing economic exclusion. The least vulnerable were of course the economically included, since the 1980’s their own ability to accumulate assets has been enhanced, although, the economically included are not excluded from social exclusion. A neoliberalism society was to reduce the role of the state by moving towards privatisation and market economy, they believed in the New Right Approach which would make and distinction between ‘deserving’ and ‘underserving’ people who access the

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