Noncolloidal Suspension Essay

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Shear-induced particle migration in noncolloidal suspensions: Review article
Daniel Galvez-Moreno a)
Missouri University of Science and Technology, 219 Butler-Carlton Hall, 1401 N. Pine St., Rolla, MO 65409, USA.
Synopsis

INTRODUCTION
Noncolloidal suspensions are composed by a liquid and a solid phase, which the latter is constituted by particles where Brownian motion, repulsion/attraction forces and Van Der Waals bonds are often negligible [1]. Nowadays, the success of many industrial processes relies on the ability of controlling and predicting with accuracy the rheological properties of suspensions. Typically, by fitting experimental data to constitutive equations is possible to characterize the rheological properties of simple fluids [2].
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Then, if each interaction generates a displacement Ο(a) and the interaction frequency scales as γ ̇ϕ, the migration velocity scales as γ ̇ϕ(a^2⁄η)∇η. Since the viscosity of concentrated suspensions where the importance of Brownian forces is negligible (Pe≫1) can be expressed approximately as: η_r= (1-ϕ⁄ϕ_max )^(-1.82) ( 2 )

when multiplied by ϕ, the eq. ( 2 ) can be used to express the gradient of viscosity in terms of ∇ϕ and represent the flux attributed to the special variation of viscosity (N_η ) due to particle concentration gradients as follow:
N_η=-K_η γ ̇ϕ^2 (a^2/η) dη/dϕ ∇ϕ ( 3 )

where K_η is a constant that must be determined experimentally. Once that both sources of particle migration are defined, a conservation equation could be modeled following the relative movement of a suspension portion through space and time in the following way:

Suspension balance model

Measuring
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"Local determination of the constitutive law of a dense suspension of noncolloidal particles through magnetic resonance imaging." Journal of Rheology (1978-present) 50.3 (2006): 259-292. Bricker, Jonathan Mark. Rheology of noncolloidal suspensions of spheres in oscillatory shear flow and the dynamics of suspensions of rigid fibers. Diss. University of Florida, (2007). Xu, B. (2012). Microstructure, rheology, and mixing of suspensions (Doctoral dissertation). Retrived from http://preserve.lehigh.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2053&context=etd Gadala‐Maria, F., and Andreas Acrivos. "Shear‐Induced Structure in a Concentrated Suspension of Solid Spheres." Journal of Rheology (1978-present) 24.6, 799-814 (1980) Ramachandran, Arun. The effect of flow geometry on shear-induced particle segregation and resuspension (Doctoral dissertation). https://curate.nd.edu/show/vd66vx04h8j 2007. Leighton, David, and Andreas Acrivos. "The shear-induced migration of particles in concentrated suspensions." Journal of Fluid Mechanics 181 (1987): 415-439. Phillips, Ronald J., et al. "A constitutive equation for concentrated suspensions that accounts for shear‐induced particle migration." Physics of Fluids A: Fluid Dynamics (1989-1993) 4.1 (1992):

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