Nigerian Civil War ( 1967-1970 ) Essay

939 Words Nov 14th, 2016 4 Pages
bel Biza

Nigerian Civil War (1967-1970)

Nigeria is located in west africa. It shares boundaries with Niger and Chad Republic in the north, Benin Republic in the west, Cameroon in the east, and Atlantic ocean in the south. It has a population of over 160 million. There are more than 250 ethnic groups, with two major religions;Christian and Islam. Nigeria is the largest producer of crude oil in Africa and the 12th largest in the world.


Nigeria, a former colony of Great Britain, got its independence from United Kingdom in 1960. It was the most populated country in Africa, that had about 60 million people with widely different ethnic groups and religions. There were three major ethnic groups in Nigeria: Igbo, Hausa-Fulani, and Yoruba. The Hausa-Fulani had slightly more population than the other two regions combined. The Yorubas takes about 75% of the population in southwest region of Nigeria. The Igbos take about 60-70% of the population in southeast region of Nigeria. They had democratic government and are mostly Christians. About 65% of the population were Hausa-Fulani in the Northern region. They were mostly muslims and governed by feudal government. The war officially began on July 2nd, 1967 and officially ended Jan 15th 1970.

Causes of the War

There were multiple causes for the war. Since Nigeria has a lot of different religions, ethnic groups, and languages, it brought disaster to the country. Each group couldn 't agree on one thing, as…

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