5. Discuss Nietzsche’s theory of “will to power” and “the innocence of becoming”. Does the hypothesis of the will to power successfully “debunk” traditional religion, morality, and philosophical claims to provide the “disinterested” or “objective” truth?
Nietzsche introduced an idea of philosophy that was more than simply a rational groundwork of existence or as the pursuit of an absolute truth. Instead, he suggested that philosophy is something to be respected as a personal interpretation of life and all its faculties (morality, existentialism etc.) and that was – for him - focused on life affirmation. Furthermore, this thinking implies that philosophy is not a be all and end all answer to life’s questions; rather, it is merely a
…show more content…
There is no “objective” truth to give reason to our decisions. Rather, there are only the strong men and the weak; and the balance that has been struck out of necessity. As a result, it is clear that we seemingly live in an empty world; occupied only by the society we have chosen to live in. Nietzsche states therefore, that to save ourselves from spiraling into depression, the ‘will to power’ works through self deception. We do not go through life conscious of our most primal motivations, nor of our isolation from a greater power. Rather, in most aspects, we deceive ourselves into thinking ourselves moral and connected to something larger than ourselves. Morality in this sense has become a kind of currency that justifies even the weakest of choices and “'altruism' reveals itself as the prudence of the private man” (Nietzsche, 1968, pp. 382). Strong men give to the weak, and as a result, are deemed ‘good men’. While they may be capable of taking for themselves what others must ask for, in their sacrifice, they are fooled into thinking that their decisions matter. Traditional claims that assert morality as a definitive and integral part of humanity are ultimately flawed in their ignorance of humanity’s animalistic tendencies, namely the ‘will to power’.
Essentially, if we are to follow Nietzsche’s logic, then the only thing we can truly be sure of is life itself, and as mentioned in the first Lecture on Nietzsche, this is “the key to what Nietzsche was doing as a