Nicotine Addiction Research

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Recent studies proposed "that the alpha-4 beta-2 nicotine acetylcholine receptor subtype is the main receptor responsible for nicotine dependence" (Jiloha, 2010). The nicotine in tobacco acts on these receptors to facilitate neurotransmitter release such as dopamine, in turn producing pleasure and mood modulation. With repeated exposure to nicotine, tolerance to some of the effects of nicotine (Jiloha, 2010).
Several studies confirmed that genetic factors are responsible for nearly half of addiction problem. One study looked at identical and fraternal twins drinking alcohol. One of the identical twin was addicted, while the other only had a high probability of being addicted. But in fraternal twin, one is addicted and the other showed no
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Teens are less likely to experiment drug or alcohol, if they have a close relationship with their parents or if their parents had a high expectations regarding their school performance. However, children who are exposed to addiction are more likely to have an addiction problem as adults, especially if they witness it on a daily basis. Also, children living in a single family are at increased risk of addiction, although, report indicated that children living with both parents was associated with heavy smoking (Hu, Griesler, Schaffran, & Kandel, 2011). Peer pressure is also another risk factor that cause addiction. Teens who try to fit in and gain acceptance can easily be pressure in using alcohol or drugs, which eventually led to addiction. Also, adolescence who are abuse or neglect use drugs to cope with their emotions. In addiction, female who try to control their weight, influence their decison-making on whether or not to start or continue smoking (Hu, Griesler, Schaffran, & Kandel, …show more content…
Teens are less likely to experiment drug or alcohol, if they have a close relationship with their parents or if their parents had a high expectations regarding their school performance. However, children who are exposed to addiction are more likely to have an addiction problem as adults, especially if they witness it on a daily basis. Also, children living in a single family are at increased risk of addiction, although, report indicated that children living with both parents was associated with heavy smoking (Hu, Griesler, Schaffran, & Kandel, 2011). Peer pressure is also another risk factor that cause addiction. Teens who try to fit in and gain acceptance can easily be pressure in using alcohol or drugs, which eventually led to addiction. Also, adolescence who are abuse or neglect use drugs to cope with their emotions. In addiction, female who try to control their weight, influence their decison-making on whether or not to start or continue smoking (Hu, Griesler, Schaffran, & Kandel,

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