Cicero's On Friendship Analysis

Improved Essays
Humans must have the ability to consider, understand, question, and reflect what is being a human though our own personal morals. Friendship happens when two moral and good people have a shared activity, where they both contribute in the friendship, thus learning about each other. For Aristotle, being moral in life pertains to human happiness. For Cicero, friendship is central to our lives and involves goodwill. Universal rules and internal morality of the friendship is explored on its own and through the ideas in the works of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics and Cicero’s On Friendship (De Amitcitia). Through the history of philosophy, it was specified that morality was what rational. The human was seen as a rational and social creature that …show more content…
For there is nothing so worthy of love as virtue, nothing that offers stronger incentive to affection” (Cicero 90). In a real friendship it is difficult if one person is focused on the idea of this moral perfection, because normal human beings are not perfect. An important factor in being a moral person is luck because life is extremely tenuous and aspects such as wisdom come from the outside world that can break down ideal factors in friendships. This is due to that in friendship there is a limit to how many immoralities occur, because there is a limit to what can be asked for by an honorable friend. Sometimes we take criticism from our friends the wrong way, truth in friendships are essential and humans should take into account what their friends say. Cicero claims that one should not abandon old friends, even if a friend does not always tell the truth. Friendship is something that happens and develops on it’s own. The importance in morality of friendship if how a person develops within themselves. A person expects a friend to grow, care and love overtime within the friendship. Both Aristotle and Cicero believed in the classical concept of friendship, whereas friendship occurs when two virtuous and moral people similar or equal in how they contribute happiness to their lives. Universal rules and internal morality of the friendship is explored on its own and through the ideas in the works of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics and Cicero’s On Friendship (De

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Aristotle claims that no one would desire to live a life without friends: “For no one would choose to live without friends, even if he had all the other goods.” (119.5) This attribution of friendship as a universal property of every good life can be largely explained by the many benefits of having friends. The first of which is as a mirror to test one’s own virtues. Aristotle throughout his book provides reasoning that the best life is one of contemplation and self-reflection, however people are prone to self-deception when attempting to evaluate their own virtues. Friendship provides an eloquent solution to this issue by providing a method to project oneself onto another. Another reason is the provision of a method to undergo rigorous testing of intellectual and practical activities that would be otherwise difficult to accomplish.…

    • 740 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Aristotle argues that friendship is a means to other parts of the human good, as it helps us acquire and express virtue. Friendship is a necessity to human nature because a virtuous person needs to share his virtues, wealth, and honors with others in order to reach the highest level of happiness. One cannot be happy without personal relationships achieved through friendships. Aristotle claims “for without friends no one would choose to live, though he had all other goods” (119), and “friendships seems too to hold states together” (119) , meaning that friendship does not only affect one personally but having friendships is a matter of life and death and the overall flow, and balance of the state. Friendship is necessary not only because it determines the happiness of one soul but the happiness of every soul…

    • 1217 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Cocking and Kennett disagree with them by saying that friendship is something that can lead us morally astray for its own sake and that it has little, if anything, to do with morality at all. They believe that friends often like each other for some of the little qualities that might be immoral. This shows that there can be a distinction made between a perfectly moral and a perfectly good friend. Thomas’s view and Cocking and Kennett’s view differ very much when it comes to the morality…

    • 893 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    According to Aristotle in his The Nicomachean Ethics, there are several different types of friendships, each with their own qualities, motives, and products. Aristotle defines the different types of friendships into three categories: friendships of utility, friendships of pleasure, and friendships of the good. Within each of these particular groupings of friendship, the interpersonal relationships associated bring forth positive effects to both an individual and a community. Friendship is not only necessary to lead a virtuous life but also to sustain a successfully functioning community though its effects in bettering an individual, others, and, consequently, the society as a whole. In order to live a truly virtuous life, I believe one…

    • 949 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    To begin, philosophy is the love of wisdom or a search for what is true. Two philosophers that “represent” philosophy includes, Plato and Seneca. Thinkers like Plato and Seneca both addressed how one should live their lives, and more importantly how one should lead a good life in their texts. Plato expresses in his book, Protagoras that in order to live a good life one must focus on the knowledge of wisdom and search for virtues. Virtues are admirable qualities one possesses, throughout Protagoras the virtues one possesses include, wisdom, moderation, courage, justice, and piety.…

    • 948 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This comes through the form of a friendship and prosperity for one another. Aristotle states, “For each of these friends has a different virtue and a different function, and there are different because of love. Hence the ways of loving are different, and so are the friendships” (1158b: 15-20). This quotation is important because it presents a new understanding of friendship. Through this quotation, Aristotle’s explains that friendship is love, which means love is the absolute form of happiness.…

    • 1578 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Because happiness is relevant for a satisfying friendship, friendship is just as imperative for having a prosperous life. Aristotle explains this when he says, “…what concerns friendship, since it is a certain kind of virtue, or goes with virtue, and is also most necessary for life.” (Ethics, Book 8, pg. 143). Friends hold such a crucial key to happiness and inner peace because they are there for you, literally and metaphorically, when you cannot be there for yourself. “…people consider a friend to be someone who wishes for and does good things… for the sake of the other person… who wants the friend to be and to live… someone with whom one spends time and who prefers the same things, or someone who shares in pain and enjoyment with a friend.” (Ethics: Book 8, pg.…

    • 1943 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Within book 8 nof Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, he proposes friendship is the best external good an individual can possess. However, Aristotle in chapter 3 of book 8, he asserts the finest friendships are forged through the similarities of enduring virtues. However, this doesn't seem entirely correct, because people gradually change over time and remain close friends. Problematically, Aristotle asserts if the virtuous behaviour of the peer were to change, then the friendship ought to be dissolved if the friend could not be returned to a state of similarity. In effect, this essay will aim to argue that the enduring friendships is achieved through gaining confidence in our friends, rather the virtuous similarity between individuals.…

    • 1816 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    From this statement Aristotle proceeds to deduce that friendship is both noble and necessary. Relationships are necessary in light of living and therefore imperative to life itself. Furthermore friendships are worthy of praise and therefore noble. The concept of friendship, having been deemed a necessary and noble part of life, demands further investigation into two distinct facets of friendships. Through examining the object of love in each category of friendship and the duration of the relationship one may come to know why Aristotle asserts that life itself is dependent upon friendship.…

    • 1042 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    Aristotle's Virtues

    • 1568 Words
    • 6 Pages

    When you are young. It is clear by reading Aristotle’s work that he thinks very highly of friendship. He even says “a friend is the same thing as to be a good man.” I believe that the type of friend you are really reflects on what kind of person you are. If you are the type of friend to drop everything to help someone in need, then I believe that also makes you a good person. I believe that friendship should be reciprocated and not just one person consistently relying on the other for help and other things.…

    • 1568 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays