Neutral Case Study

1264 Words 6 Pages
Category I - 1. Neutrals – Behavior, Could Have Made a Difference?
This essay thoroughly evaluates the role of two neutral countries throughout the course of the World War II. These neutral countries are Switzerland and United States. I will analyze their behavior in respect to Jews. Did those countries do enough to halt the mass killing of millions of Jews. Lastly, I will conclude, whether some of the deaths could have been prevented by a different stance and whether a better behavior of the neutrals could have been expected.

Since Switzerland could remain neutral during the second World War it seemed as an ideal location for Jewish refugees. It was located right in the center of Europe, bordered by France, Germany,
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Instead, during World War II, there was not any heroism from the United States to safe the trapped desperate and threatened Jews in Europe. The United States even turned away a cruise liner, The St. Louis, carrying 900 European Jewish refuges onboard, who were trying to escape the atrocities in Europe. There are multiple things, which explain this indifference and the lack of action of the United States of America towards the European Jews.

The state department contributed the most to the inaction of the United States towards the Jewish communities in Europe, because they actively played a role to ensure that the United States and its allies won’t be eager to support the Jews.
When the the representative of the World Jewish Congress reported on Hitler plans for exterminating Jews. The State department promptly decided that this report should be hidden from the public. When more and more evidence was pouring in that German atrocities, where mostly targeted against Jews. The United States finally decided to publicly declare aid to the Jews and prosecute the ones responsible for wiping out the Jews, only due to the technicality that there was some
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Before the start of World War II, the United States was still recovering from its financial ruin and had been in a state of isolationism. When the war unfolded, US citizens were afraid that Jewish refugees might steal their jobs and put them out of work. These feeling led to a rise in anti-Semitism in United Sates. President Roosevelt also fueled anti-Semitism by publicly declaring that some Jewish refugees might be spies for Germany, since their family and relatives back home could be used by the Germans as an incentive to spy. This made Americans wary of immigrants and caused them to take measures that protected their own self-interests, but was detrimental to Jewish

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