Neuroscience And Climate Change

Decent Essays
Global Warming is one of the world’s most pressing issues to date. As carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases collect in the atmosphere, sunlight is absorbed and radiation is trapped in the earth’s stratosphere (MacMillan, 2016). This process results in the earth’s surface warming. Such a process can have various effects including rising sea levels, increased frequency and intensity of storms, and extreme weather and temperature differences across the globe (MacMillan 2016). Though global warming has been acknowledged by members of the scientific community across the globe, the issue is viewed differently and influenced by many psychological processes by the individual. Neuroscience has influenced how people perceive the risks of global …show more content…
The prediction of neuroendocrine responses to global warming in the future helps the development of risk perception or fear in a society. A focused study (Wingfield, 2015) puts together previous adaptation and evolutionary processes and responses to stimuli to predict how organism neuroendocrine pathways might respond to climate change. Climate change is predicted to alter seasons, lunar cycles, and overall temperature. Changes in these environmental signals could possibly disrupt the life cycle (Wingfield, 2015) as access to food and shelter is disrupted and the number of storms and predators change. Environmental signals determine when hormones are activated or deactivated and can cause shifts in fertile periods and breeding seasons (Wingfield, 2015). The rise of global temperature itself would have serious effects as hormones are directly suppressed by temperatures by changing the affinity of a hormone binding to its receptor (Wingfield, 2015). Increasing our understanding of the consequences of climate change on our biological systems is essential …show more content…
Two different ways to explain the liberal-conservative divide in the United State in regard to global warming are by the “top-down” and “bottom-up” approaches (Jacquet, Dietrich & Jost, 2014). The “top-down” approach is when stimuli a person has previously experienced will influence how they process new stimuli. The “bottom-up” approach refers to information processing by building perception from individual pieces. To put into context regarding studies of global warming, an individual’s perception of the issue is influenced by “top-down” institutions and corporations and “bottom-up” psychological factors (Jacquet, Dietrich & Jost, 2014). Surveys and longitudinal research surveying US residents (Jacquet, Dietrich & Jost, 2014) revealed different “top-down” and “bottom-up” influences that contribute to the ideological divide over global warming. The “top-down” influences are elite political discourse, corporate strategy, and mass media (Jacquet, Dietrich & Jost, 2014). Corporations and right-wing strategists have been pouring money into groups to actively deny global warming. The mass media has fostered skepticism in the United States as communication is very distinct as language suggests more uncertainty regarding global warming than media does in other countries (Jacquet, Dietrich & Jost, 2014). Research has found that individuals who watch conservative media are

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