Neuroscience In Psychology

Improved Essays
It can be hard to grasp what biology and psychology could possibly have in common. However, once you think about how “the ultimate purpose of the nervous system is to produce and control behavior” (Pinel, 2014, p. 4), the significant role that biopsychology has becomes apparent. Neuroscience and biopsychology have an intertwined relationship with one another. Neuroscience is the all-encompassing study of the nervous system and how each aspect interacts with the others. Biopsychology is a very important facet of neuroscience. It focuses on studying the biology of behavior. Biopsychologists bring a fount of knowledge to the neuroscience field, ranging from their experience with methodical research to their intimate understanding of behavior. …show more content…
Animal behavior is simpler to analyze. Their brain is less complex, making it easier to study. The ability to compare the biological and behavioral variances between different species is also valuable. By far, the most prized reason for using animals is that researchers are able to design studies that wouldn’t be feasible or ethical to perform on humans. Pure experiments are motivated by the desire to learn more about a subject and are conducted out of curiosity. In contrast, an applied experiment has a potential outcome in mind that would benefit society. Applied research often has more regulative freedom than pure research because the potential is easier to grasp. Scientists argue that pure research has hidden practical benefits that aren’t initially discernible but are less likely to be biased. Many researchers use a combination of both approaches. One example of applied research is psychopharmacology. Psychopharmacologists are interested in the relationship between drugs and brain behavior. They actively seek to create beneficial drugs or treat drug abuse. For example, psychopharmacologists are studying how to improve memory in Alzheimer patients through drug therapy. Their research most often studies the effects on laboratory animals, but may use human subjects if ethically …show more content…
Comparative psychologists study the manners of separate species and analyze their differences. One subset of comparative psychology is evolutionary psychology, which considers the origins of a species when studying its behavior. Behavioral genetics delves into how genetic composition influences behavior. Observations may be done in a laboratory or in the subject’s natural environment. Cognitive neuroscience is another division of biopsychology. Cognitive neuroscience studies perception by using functional brain imaging. By taking images of firing neurons during different activities, researchers can study the physical effects of memory and thought. The advantage of studying cognitive patterns is that it is noninvasive; Therefore, human subjects can be used. This technology is so helpful that cognitive neuroscientists often collaborate with other scientists to assist in their research. I was initially drawn to this class because of my interest in psychopharmacology. I aspire to be a mental health therapist, and I knew that having an understanding of how psychoactive drugs ' work would help my communication with other professionals regarding my clients. After reading the first few chapters of our textbook, however, I am finding that the entire subject of biopsychology has application in my future

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    Within this subdivision, there are subtopics of abnormal psychology that helps the field gain understanding into the human mind. Two subtopics is the study of neuroscience and biology. These subtopics works together with abnormal psychology by allowing science to show the biological factors that may result in a person’s mental disorders through taking MRI’s and CT scans of the brain. Another critical subdivision of psychology is equally if not more important to all individuals. This subdivision of psychology is lifespan and human development.…

    • 1384 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    It explains this as a neurotransmitter (serotonin) has shown to have progressively low levels within a patient suffering from depression. This has enabled them to be able to produce a drug to increase these levels with the hope of eradicating the depression all together. Although they believe the chemical imbalance is the cause, patients may also be prescribed with some form of counselling or therapy alongside the prescribed drugs. A Behaviourist theory on the cause of depression would be that the patient may have not received enough positive enforcement throughout their childhood or adult life. But to achieve an explanation it would focus on observant therapy to assess the patient and discover the problem.…

    • 1492 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The second is the influence that our genetics or heredity has on our behaviour. This idea stems from the ideas of Darwin who proposed that desired characteristics would be passed on to the next generation which he termed as natural selection. Psychologists today are still studying Darwin’s work to uncover information on instincts and how these evolve (Gordillo-García, 2016). In terms of the biological perspective, psychologists would use this information to infer that our behaviours and characteristics are inherited. The third most prominent area that the perspective attempts to understand is the chemistry of the brain and how this affects behaviour.…

    • 1707 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    After identifying this amino acid as being a key component to Alzheimer’s disease, researchers were also able to identify what kind of future drug could help with cognitive impairment. The drug that is undergoing further research as a cure for Alzheimer’s disease is solanezumab. Solanezumab is a “monoclonal antibody designed to lower the level of beta-amyloid in the brain” (Alzheimer’s Association, 2016). If research goes well regarding this drug it could lead to a possible cure for the Alzheimer’s…

    • 1022 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Pros • It allows for more direct interaction between the researcher and the individual members of the focus group. The researcher would be able to ask questions as and when required. • Sometimes, even when analyzed, data doesn’t give a researcher a complete picture of the actual reality. A face to face interaction would allow for a greater understanding of the concept, which would perhaps not be possible via analysis of data. • Since there is a more direct interaction, the researcher is able to grasp the data more easily and thus understand things in a far easier manner.…

    • 820 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    “In this environment, the neuropsychologist’s work is on data collection and analysis that will advance the field’s understanding of brain-based conditions that impact cognitive, emotional, and behavioral functioning” (Neuropsychologist Career Guide). Clients to receive care from neuropsychologists could be veterans with head injuries, patients with Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s disease or someone who suffered from a stroke/traumatic injury. To be able to be a neuropsychologist you must have your PhD in psychology. Being a neuropsychologist could impact your personal life by going through all the years of school all the way to getting too close to your patients. Getting too personal with them and having something serious happen to then could cause you to have strong emotions.…

    • 734 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    For the safety of humans, these tests consist of drug exposure, and plasma concentration (Guidance for Industry 1). Animal testing is useful because the animals test the drugs and make sure it is safe for human use. The next article “Safety and Testing” talks about the different kinds of clinical trials used for drug testing. New chemical or drugs still have to be tested and is required by law. Tests begin with the acute toxicity test and it is used for the exploratory development of a brand new drug.…

    • 1799 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Research has also shown that blindness due to the retina could be cured by replacing its cells. While many of the cures to these diseases are experimental, there are some current examples of stem cell therapy in practice today. Harvesting the stem cells from a donor 's bone marrow is known as bone marrow transplants. It has been used on patients suffering from leukemia and other cancers. This kind of therapy has seen significant results in sickle cell anemia, a blood disorder (Allman 25).…

    • 1762 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The foundation of the Biological approach states that psychological issues are caused by physical issues. Studies from scientist such as Charles Darwin, Jane Goodall, and Harry Harlow have all contributed to this theory (McLeod 2015). From their studies, they found scientific proof that certain behaviors can be learned and unlearned based on different environmental factors. With these findings, the field of psychology started to conduct more research to find how the brain functions. With the use of brain scans and Electroencephalograms, scientists have been able to find correlations between genetics and mental disorders.…

    • 1157 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    Stem cells, either carrying the disease gene or engineered to contain disease genes, offer a viable alternative. Scientists could use stem cells to model disease processes in the laboratory, and better understand what goes wrong. LIST OF PROS OF EMBRYONIC STEM CELL RESEARCH 1. Due to scientists reliably directing the differentiation of the embryonic stem cells into specific cell types, they can be able to use the differentiated cells that result to treat certain diseases that require transplanting cells generated from human embryonic stem cells. These diseases include traumatic spinal cord injury, diabetes, Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy, vision and hearing loss as well as heart disease.…

    • 1748 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays

Related Topics