Neighborhood Watch and Its Effect on the Community Essay

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Neighborhood Watch and its Effect on the Community The Neighborhood Watch program is one of the oldest forms of organized community crime prevention in the United States. Its history dates back as far as the late 1960s. As a method of fighting and preventing crime in residential communities, this program has shown to be very effective. This paper will cover the beginning of the Neighborhood Watch program, its growth up to the present day, and a few of its success stories. Neighborhood Watch is one of the oldest and most familiar plans for crime prevention. While the present-day concept of Neighborhood Watch was started in the late 1960s as an answer to the problem of increasing crime in communities, the general concept of this program …show more content…
Data provided by a national study in 1981 revealed that 12 percent of the population was involved in some form of a neighborhood watch group. By 1986, that number had grown to about 20 percent of the population. In addition, these studies showed that 38 percent of the households whose community a Neighborhood Watch program participated in it (National Sheriffs’ Association). A town in Minnesota saw crime increase dramatically over a one-year period. The town already had a Neighborhood Watch program in effect, but as a result of the rise in criminal activity the citizens decided to increase their awareness and their commitment to the program in an effort to solve the problem. Because of their efforts, police were able to arrest more than two dozen criminals and to clear one-fourth of the cases. Their efforts also informed police of the surprising figures regarding Neighborhood Watch programs. Of the 110 burglary cases that were reported, only 12 of them had taken place in communities with an active Neighborhood Watch program. Of those 12 burglaries, 9 had occurred in neighborhoods with relatively new or recently ended programs. Studies show that once a Neighborhood Watch program deteriorates, criminals take notice and quickly resume illegal activities in that area (Klaas Kids Foundation). Another great success story took place in Fairfax County, Virginia. Fairfax County has about 700 active Neighborhood Watch programs and a total of

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