Emotional Development In Children

988 Words 4 Pages
In this poster I will be explaining how a child develops emotionally from the prenatal stage up to 2 years. Children do not automatically recognise what their emotions are or how to control them- it is something that they need to learn. Through the different stages children experience different emotions, and will have different ways to express them. Children will gain emotional intelligence from first-hand experiences, along with their expression and understanding of emotions (Olde, 2013). There are many factors that can affect emotional development- I will be focusing on how neglect affects a child emotionally, and will explain how it can impact other areas of development.
As many people are unaware, children start to develop emotionally
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According to the NSPCC the reported cases of neglect has risen from 5,363 in 2009/10 to 17,602 in 2014/15 (Jutte et al, 2015). As stated, the initial few days after birth is when mother and baby start to form an attachment. However, this will not grow if the mother neglects her baby by not speaking to, holding or interacting with her baby. One of the devastating effects of neglect is the impact it has on the attachment amongst the child and their primary caregiver. As Bowlby states it is essential that children develop an attachment within their first year, this then enables for attachments in later life (McLeod, 2007). On the other hand, although Ainsworth provided evidence of Bowlby’s theory her experiment shows attachment in more depth. Evidence shows three main styles of attachment, two of which would be the result of neglect. The Insecure ambivalent attachment is when the child receives inconsistent care, this leads to the child having a negative self- image and trying to increase attention- Additionally this increases the possibility of children having social and behavioural problems. Then is the insecure avoidant attachment which would be the result of extreme neglect, the child realises even if they communicate their needs to the caregiver, they will not be met. This leads to the child having the impression that they are unworthy, thus having an impact on their emotional state (McLeod, 2008). It follows that if children do not have conversations with parents then they will not develop the social skills to interact with others. Correspondingly affecting their language development as they are not able to absorb new words and vital communication skills. Parent’s who neglect their children fail to nurture and stimulate them, which will affect their cognitive development in the early stages as children need to be stimulated in order to gain

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