Negative Impacts Of Climate Change On The Rice Supply Chain

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A main objective of this chapter is to explain the modelling approach used in this thesis. This chapter begins with a description of the research paradigm. Following this, data collection and data analysis are explained. The contributions of this study and its research focus are discussed in the next section. Next, a methodological approach to obtain an appropriate model combining climate production factors is described step by step. At the end, a detailed description of the research method, the system dynamics approach, is outlined.
3.1 The research paradigm and method
The research paradigm applied in this study is based on the system dynamics philosophy. That is, to gain in-depth understanding of the real world, the real world must be studied as a feedback structure: the cause and effect in the real world. This aim to obtain appropriate understanding of the real world behavior (Sterman, 2001) and this is important as the real world behavior arises from the interactions among components of the real world (Sterman, 2001).
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Firstly, the rice supply chain involves a lot of parties, namely, farmers, paddy brokers, wholesalers, BULOG and rice millers. If this study focus on a farmer, for instance, the impacts of climate change on other parties may not be understood well.
Secondly, rice farming has a high contribution to economic growth. This means that rice is important for employment and economic activity (BPS, 2013). As climate change could affect the rice supply chain, climate change could affect society as whole. In other words, the impact of climate change on the rice supply chain may affect fundamental issues such as food security and livelihood. It is therefore that climate change can affect people regardless of their social status, race and

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