The Expansion Of Rome: The Late Roman Republic

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Though confusion originally existed about the exact date Rome was founded, it is accepted to say that Rome was found in 753 BC and the Roman Republic emerged in 509 BC (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2015). Rome was one of the most prominent states in the Latium region. Much of early Rome’s success should be credited to the major Etruscan help it received— even the name Rome is derived from the Etruscan language. Eventually, Rome encountered circumstances, e.g. not having enough land to accommodate the growing population, which required they expand their territory. Early Roman expansion proved to be remarkably successful, but it did have a negative impact on the politics and economy of the late Roman Republic. When the Roman Republic surfaced in 509 BC after the abolishment of the monarchy, a new system of government had to take over. The …show more content…
This also meant that social classes were all over the place. Reform was obviously needed by Rome. One individual who saw this, and acted on it was Tiberius Gracchus. Tiberius proposed a land reform that would create new landowners, attempt to decrease slavery, and possibly benefit the army (The Late Republic, 2012). However, the Roman Senate was not too content with Tiberius. The Senate especially did not like how Tiberius planned on running for re-election in the Tribune. Nevertheless, Tiberius’s land reforms were passed and continued to be applied even years after his death, and the death of hundreds of his followers (The Late Republic, 2012). Tiberius’s brother, Gaius was voted Tribune in 123 BC, and he continued his brother’s work. Gaius introduced political reforms. A very important example is the granting of full citizenship to Roman allies. However, Gaius lost his vast popularity after that reform, and was eventually killed along with his followers, just like his

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