Negative Effects On Obesity

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Obesity is a serious disease that has negative effects on a human body. If a person is Overweight and obese this can lead to energy imbalance. A person’s body needs a certain amount of calories from food to keep them up and functioning. If a person eats the same amount of calories that their body requires, their body weight remains the same. When people eat more than they are supposed to, their body tends to tip toward weight gain. This concept is important for children too. Balanced energy in children occurs when the amount of energy consumed from food or drink supports natural growth without promoting excess weight gain. Many factors can lead to energy imbalance and weight gain. These factors include genes, eating habits, and where people …show more content…
Some people who have a low metabolism tend to gain weight faster than others because they burn calories more slowly. Although certain people possess genes that strongly influence body type and size, the environment also impacts a person’s overall health. Metabolic and hormonal factors are not the same for everyone, but these factors play a role in deciding weight gain. Recent studies have shown that levels of ghrelin, a peptide hormone are known to maintain people’s eating habits, and other peptides in the stomach, playing a role in triggering the brain and the stomach makes one want to stop eating. Different people have different levels of these hormones. Different people’s lifestyles and genetics also impact whether they have metabolic syndrome, a disease that one-third of overweight or obese people in the US have. Metabolic syndrome is a group of symptoms that, together, can be very harmful. “These symptoms include having a large waistline, high blood pressure, and high a low HDL cholesterol level ... These symptoms can cause problems like fatty liver, Gallstone ovarian cysts and sleep apnea” (National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute, 2015). All these factors combine to influence someone’s …show more content…
Artery Disease is either caused from large amount fat or high cholesterol. Fat can build up around the blood vessels and squeezes them. This makes it harder for one’s heart to pump blood and oxygen to the rest of the body. Cholesterol find its way in the blood vessel and makes it hard for the vessel to stretch when one needs increased blood flow. This can cause increased pressure on the vessel and high blood pressure can damage your heart. Thinner arteries and reduced blood flow to the heart can lead to chest pain angina or a heart attack. Blood clots can also form thinner arteries and can cause a stroke which can lead to death (Stanford Health Care, 2016).
Obesity can affect the knees and hips because of the stress placed on the joints by extra weight. Surgeons can’t replace a joint problem if the person is obese because all the weight of the obese person can easily snap the joint and can cause problems.
Obese people have a hard time breathing. Large amounts of fat in a person restricts the circulation of oxygen. Impaired breathing is one of many ways in which obesity affects life quality.
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