Negative Effects Of Sleep Deprivation

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Effects of Sleep Deprivation
One of the most basic functions of the human body or any animal is to sleep. Without getting enough sleep, one can die after approximately two weeks. Along the way, however, if the sleep of children or adults is consistently disturbed they can experience a multitude of negative effects that can harm themselves and others. Today, adults and students are losing more sleep than ever before and can fail to understand the negative consequences of sleep deprivation. In the United States alone, approximately 40% of adults are receiving less than the suggested seven to eight hours of sleep (Jones). Interrupting the natural sleep cycle and experiencing sleep deprivation can effect one physically, mentally, and emotionally.
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Due to the lack of oxygen, one can place stress on his or her heart because it will have to pump blood harder. Less oxygen can also make the vessels in the lungs to narrow (Orzel 95). To people that play sports, this may be the deciding factor in how well they compete in a game; they might not be able to breathe as effectively. In addition to heart and lung issues, the immune system’s activity can greatly increase after one loses sleep. Increased activity can put stress on the sufferer of sleep deprivation’s immune system that leads to it weakening over time. Once the immune system is put under a lot of stress its ability to make T Cells depletes, which are vital to adaptive immune system responses. With a weakened immune system, one invites all sorts of bacterial and viral diseases into his or her body (Sleep). Sleep deprivation takes a large toll on the body physically and can shorten one’s life span by a considerable amount due to the harmful …show more content…
Even if sleep deprivation is brief, it can make the individual irritable, frustrated, or even aggressive in some circumstances. A study was held on teenagers that were sleep deprived who showed higher levels of aggression, rather than ones who were getting regular sleep. As sleep deprivation increases, the sufferer can begin to lose interpersonal relationships with the people around them (Orzel 104). Over time he or she might isolate themselves from society as he or she does not have the energy or are not in the mood to talk to others. A major affect that was noticed among sleep-deprived sufferers was depression. Research from the health experts at WebMD have made the connection between sleep disorders and depression. Insomnia is the condition that is most closely linked with causing depression. Insomnia is another form of sleep deprivation where one has trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. Other impacts on mood were anxiety and in some situations insanity occurred in the patients (Peri 1). If sleep loss is only short-term, it can still cause changes in mood and emotions; once sleep loss progresses, it can become much

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