Natural Conflict In Amartya Sen's: Poverty And Famines

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Are famine crises or mass starvation a product of a natural disaster or is it due to some degree of man-made interference? Global hunger can be analyzed by better understanding some of the place in the world that have been impacted heavily, which include Somalia, Malawi, Niger, Bangladesh, and South Sudan.
Part B & C
Amartya Sen’s work, Poverty and Famines (1981), is significant in the literature surrounding famines and its causes. The general premise of his essay is that famines do not entirely result from natural occurrences of food shortages but rather the inability of people to access to enough food to meet their needs. He discusses major famines that took place around the world including the Great Bengal Famine in 1943, the Bangladeshi
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He argues that while “natural disasters…may spark…acute food shortages, famine in Africa is fundamentally attributable to man-made causes.” To begin, Rwomire explains the impacts of neo-colonialism on African populations and the controversial production of cash crops, which leave some regional and national economies in a state of fragility and damages the livelihoods of the farmers. Next, he discusses the adverse implications of rapid population growth on sufficient food production. There are also pressing issues of deforestation and impact of overgrazing on the rapid desertification in the Sahel region of Africa. Finally, Rwomire examines food aid, burdens of debt as a result of African countries being faced with unequal terms of trade, and political instability caused by civil war in places such as Somalia, Sudan, Liberia, …show more content…
For political analysis, it is especially important to look at both local and international angles of interpretation. For instance, data gathered from the Somali or South Sudanese perspective is just as important as research done by foreign governments or non-governmental organizations. A combination of various insights will work best in supporting the argument and offering the most accurate information. As for economic research, numerical data will prove to be the most useful in understanding the impact of stagnated economic policies on food shortages and people living in conditions of famine. However, economic data is not limited to only numbers, Audrey Verdier-Chouchane, for example, also gives a very useful take on South Sudanese economic policies in combination with its effects on society. Collecting data on social issues is the most difficult, as there are various interpretations, many of which are biased to one attitude or another. However, numerical data can help prove the validity of social issues, as used by Nisar Majid and Stephen McDowell in their analysis of the populations disproportionately affected by the famines in

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