English Language Learning Strategies

Writing is potentially one of the toughest concepts for Native English Speaking students to grasp. It takes time and patience to learn the many guidelines and rules while also remembering to apply it to actual essays and other writing assignments. If Native English speaking students find this to be a complex process, just think about how English language learners must feel. Learning a new language can be a difficult and frustrating progression. As a future teacher, I want to be prepared to provide English language learners with a beneficial learning to experience especially when it comes to the writing system. Finding and applying strategies for writing can make the world of a difference for the way a student succeeds, all teachers have to …show more content…
The students with little to no English language knowledge start out at the beginner level. Those who are at this level demonstrate their writing through pictures and phrases rather than in full sentences and paragraphs. Although all English language teachers see evidence of their learners struggling with the writing process, their specific cases come from those who are at a low proficiency level. Researchers in the field of language learning strategies (LLS) have evidently focused in on strategy-based instruction (SBI) and how it can better enhance English language learners development. Researchers have proven that SBI learning is more enjoyable, effective, and efficient while also improves motivation and reduces learning anxiety (Jing, Chengchiang Chen, Adawu, 2014). Strategy-based instruction is a learning process that is centered on the learner and explicitly teaches how, when, and why strategies are used to facilitate language learning. Teachers use these strategies in everyday lessons (Cogen, Weaver, Li, 1996). One simple yet effective SBI in writing is the use of planning and organizing through a graphic organizer software. This strategy and software allow students to express their ideas freely by mapping as well as categorizing their thoughts habitually throughout pre-writing. This strategy is used best through a step-by-step process. Teachers have to introduce the strategy, model how to use the strategy, allow …show more content…
One of the biggest mistakes a teacher can make is assessing an ESL student with the same method they do with Native English speakers. Teachers need to become aware of their student 's cultural backgrounds and recognize that all English Language Learners come from different literacy backgrounds. ESL classrooms need to establish a supportive environment that allows all learners to be comfortable during their learning experience. Encouraging flexibility so all students can progress at their own pace is a great place to start. Assessing students appropriately are also crucial in an ESL classroom. Assessments should be based upon the learners’ background and their current abilities. Providing assessments that are meaningful to the students will increase their chances of success (Schulz, 2009). Providing feedback to ESL students can be tricky because teachers do not want to cause anxiety or lack of motivation but they also need to provide feedback so that the learner can improve his or her writings. While teachers can and should provide written feedback, students should be allowed time to reflect on the feedback. This process can be done through self-correction or even peer-correction. Once students have reflected on their writing and corrections are

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