Native American Indians In The 1800s

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After demanding both political and military action on removing native American Indians from the southern states of America in 1829 President Andrew Jackson sign this into law on May 28, 1830 although it only gave the right to negotiate for their withdrawal from areas to the east of the Mississippi River and that relocation was supposed to be voluntary, all of the pressure was there to make this all but inevitable. All the tribal leaders agreed after Jackson's landslide victory in 1832. It is generally acknowledged that this act spell the end of Indian rights to live in those states under their own traditional laws they were forced to assimilate and concede to US law or leave their homeland. The Indian nations themselves were forced to move and ended up in Oklahoma. There were five major tribeswhich were called the civilized Tribes they had taken on a degree of integration into a more modern westernize culture such as developing written language and learning to read and write

source: library of congress and history.gov
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It granted lands which were not settled as of this date west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. Some tribes went peacefully. The five major tribes were the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole. They were known as the Civilised Tribes that had already taken on a degree of integration into a more modern westernised culture, such as developing written language and learning to read and write. Some resisted the relocation policy. During the fall and winter of 1838 and 1839, the Cherokees were forcibly moved west by the United States government. Approximately 4,000 Cherokees died on this forced march, which became known as the "Trail of

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