Native American & Alaska Native Cultural Project Essay

5984 Words Oct 26th, 2010 24 Pages
Cultural Project: Native Americans and Alaska Natives

Introduction
The outline and presentation for this assignment generally follows the presentations from Giger’s (2009) Application of Assessment and Intervention Techniques to Specific Cultural Groups.
There are over 500 Federally Recognized tribes in the U.S., plus some additional tribes recognized by states, plus unknown number of smaller unrecognized tribes. Many are also divided into clans and loosely categorized into major groups. While it is impossible to totally generalize across such a broad spectrum, the scope of this project and the focus of the information compiled are of the generalized Native American/Alaskan Native. Where appropriate the Alaskan Native is separated
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|12000 - 8000 BCE |Paleo-Indians, or Clovis, Folsom and Plano cultures, are hunters of of large animals like mammoths and |
| |bison. |
|8000 BCE - 1500 CE |Archaic Period, cultures focus on seasonal resources, are seasonally nomatic, gathering native wild foods , |
| |beginning domestication of maize, pumpkin, and beans. These cultures inhabit virtually all of parts of the|
| |American continents. Archaic period is very diverse. From the Archaic period onwards, these cultures |
| |greatly influenced one another through trade, intermarriage, and migration. The trading system among Native |
| |Americans was vast. While we like to think of Native Americans as locally self-sufficient, much of the |
| |material life of Native Americans consisted of goods from sometimes a continent away. For instance, Native |
| |Americans in the northwestern United States used tobacco on a fairly regular basis—that tobacco was produced|

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