Essay on National Treasury Employees Union Vs. The United States

1555 Words Aug 11th, 2014 7 Pages
What do the following five cases all have in common? (1) National Treasury Employees Union v. Von Raab, (1989), (2) Deal v. Spears, (1992), (3) O’Connor v. Ortega, (1987), (4) Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and Illinois Railroad, (NMB, July 3, 194) and (5) Anderson v. Philadelphia, (1998). The core issue for all five of these cases…the fourth amendment the United States Constitution. “The Fourth Amendment protects people from unreasonable searches and seizures by the government. The Fourth Amendment, however, is not a guarantee against all searches and seizures, but only those that are deemed unreasonable under the law” ("What Does the Fourth Amendment Mean?" n.d.). Let’s examine each of the cases individually.
National Treasury Employees Union v. Von Raab, (1989) In the case of the National Treasury Employees Union v. Von Raab, The Supreme Court of the United States reviewed whether the U.S. Customs Services policy for employees, seeking transfer or promotion within the agency to positions having direct involvement in drug interdiction or employees within the agency who were required to carry a firearm or handle classified material where required to complete and “pass” a drug test was in violation of the fourth amendment. The federal employees union filed suit on behalf of the U.S. Customs employee’s alleging the drug testing policy violated the Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution. “The Supreme Court held that mandatory drug testing of federal…

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