Essay on National Library Of Medicine Gene Therapy

1550 Words Apr 29th, 2016 7 Pages
The 21st century has been marked by new innovations, ideas, and discoveries. As we go forward in this innovation we should endure the consequences. One innovation that is growing in the science and health field in the gene therapy.
According to U.S. National Library of Medicine gene therapy is,” the transplantation of normal genes into cells in place of missing or defective ones in order to correct genetic disorders.” This opens the door of curing many diseases with a simple injection. Not to mention, increase humanity’s life expectancy.
The point of gene therapy is to give people the possibility that they can be cured or treated because in this lifetime we view life as something very valuable. U.S. National Library of Medicine talks about different approaches of gene therapy by “replacing a mutated gene that causes disease with a healthy copy of the gene, or inactivating, also called knocking out a mutated gene, or introducing a new gene into the body as a vector to fight a disease.” Gene therapy can be categorized into two different types; somatic cell therapy and reproductive cell therapy, also referred to as germline therapy. An electronic article by Occupy Theory states “somatic cells involves targeting somatic cells for gene replacement, while reproductive cell therapy involves replacing defective genes in reproductive cells with correct genes. Changes made in the genetic makeup of somatic cells is only corrective for the patient”. Alterations made are not…

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