National Institute Of Health ( Nih ) Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

3651 Words Feb 17th, 2015 15 Pages
According to the National Institute of Health (NIH) post-traumatic stress disorder affects nearly 7.7 million adults in the United States. The disorder is known for its prevalence among veterans and those returning from war, but recent research has shown that a traumatic experience could trigger PTSD for nearly anyone. The disorder is captured by infamous symptoms including flashbacks, night terrors, and by placing the body and brain in a constant state of “fight or flight”, perceiving danger when none is present. Unlike other mental illnesses, anxiety disorders such as PTSD put a person’s brain in a constant state of arousal and warning. Re-living the traumatic experience can be a daily occurrence for some, while for others it may be only when they encounter similar stimuli to their trauma. It is fairly prevalent in our population, occurring in about 7 or 8 individuals per every 100 people, translating into 7-8% of the population having PTSD at some point in their lives (Department of Veterans Affairs, 2014).
In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association released the 5th edition of the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5) which lists the most recent criteria for PTSD diagnosis.
DSM-5 criteria for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder lists lengthy criterion including: a history of exposure to a traumatic event that meets specific stipulations and symptoms from each of four symptom clusters: intrusion, avoidance, negative alterations in cognitions and…

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