National Curriculum Essay
According to Directgov (2012), “the National Curriculum is a framework used by all the maintained schools to ensure that teaching and learning is balanced and consistent.”
The National Curriculum is thought by many to be complex and unclear. However, it is at the heart of the education system in England. This is noted by Baumann et al (1997) and Kyriacou (2009) who document that the basis for the National Curriculum was established in the Education Reform Act 1988; creating the idea that education must begin with the needs and interests of the child. The following model acknowledges how the National Curriculum is central to a school and a pupils learning.
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Kilpatrick (1918) and Pring (1976) comment that a curriculum provides “the underlying theory of value reflected in the concern for the interests of the child”. This supports the National Curriculum with reference to the key feature of setting out essential knowledge that best meets the needs of the children. However both authors maintain that this cannot be done without a certain hierarchy of values and needs. Maslow (1954) identified these values and needs, and in terms of the National Curriculum they relate to identity, relationships, society and the environment. All these values are fundamental to the progress and development of a pupil’s learning and as a basis of fulfilment and inspiration. If a child can gain knowledge relating to these values, then they will become successful learners who achieve their potential.
For each subject, the National Curriculum