National Aeronautics and Space Administration, better known as NASA, has been around for fifty-eight years now! NASA is a United States government agency that is responsible for air and space travel. It has accomplished several different things pertaining to air and space travel. The biggest accomplishes are: human space flight, first human landing on the Moon, they also have humans living on the ISS (International Space Station), They have sent space probes to every single one of the planets in our solar system in order to study them closer, used telescopes to look deep into space, far beyond our own solar system, it is not well known that NASA also helps with flight inside of our planet, but yes NASA also helps develop airplanes also. These are the few of the accomplishments that NASA has done throughout its fifty-eight years of existence so far.
1.1 The Soviet Union and the 1940’s
Late in the 1940’s, the Department of Defence started to research of rocketry and upper atmospheric sciences, this was to ensure that the United States stayed the world’s most advanced country ,as in technology wise. The Soviet Union also pursued research, but The United States made a big step forward when Dwight D. Eisenhower, the President at the time, approved to orbit a satellite from July 1, 1957 to December 31, 1958. This was to study the Planet Earth and gather scientific data about it. After this, The Soviet Union announced its plans to orbit their own satellite. From…