Narcissistic Crime Theory
According to the researchers « core members of a prison gang were more likely to commit violent and other kinds of misconduct that were more peripheral members. » (Gaes et al., 2002, p.359) , «
we do not need to underestimate the importance of the prison gang membership and the related outcomes, …show more content…
The reasons of recidivism may seem to be similar the one 's while he decides to join the gang. It seems that principal reason, is often “My way or no way”, the theory of Elsa Ronningstam (2005), this theory explain the Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) and the influence on the engagement in crime while taking the example of terrorists.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) (Ronningstam, 2005) “My Way or No Way”, which she connected with suicidal individuals who find themselves in a “shame-rage spiral of the narcissist who reacts to failure with other-directed, humiliated fury.” [...] “The narcissist defends against feelings of catastrophic failure by resorting to a fantasy of specialness, an illusion of mastery and control: ‘I fear nothing, not even death’.” (Elsa Ronningstam in Manne, 2015)
However, I can see a clear application of any type of criminal engagement, based on the explanation, as no solutions, other than engagement in crime, etc. In our case, this engagement is gang activities. when individuals are not satisfied with their current life and situation, they seek a solution and if they can 't find it in their immediate environment and at the nearest time, they are likely to develop strains. Growing feelings of dissatisfaction with their current situation and the impossibility to find a way out of it lead them to cumulate strains at a very high scale during a long time, hence them committing a crime. “Individuals who experience …show more content…
Many scholars (Orcutt, 1973, p. 52; ) found a direct correlation between the labeling and the criminal offense and reengagement in criminal offenses. Trus, Sampson and Laub (1997.) found the explanation of public labeling based on the criminal background of a person. While Bernburg et al. ( 2006), conducted the longitudinal test of labeling theory applied to the subsequent delinquency. Subseuently, Weerman (2010) found explained that labeling is an explanation of why the delinquent adolescents transform in the serious recidivist 's adults.
Other than that, researchers found the interpretation of the labeling effect of prisoners, once they are released and the engagement in recidivism. ( Nirel et al, 1997, p. 13; Killias et al. 2000, p. 39; Esmaili,