Musical Exoticism Analysis

Superior Essays
Differentiating Musical Exoticism
Musical exoticism comes from the influence of non-European elements, often imitating styles from other cultures as a way to differ from the customs of the audience and creators. The motives for exoticism lie on a spectrum, ranging from pure exoticism to transcultural composing. Pure exoticism includes “othering” a subject, labeling them as different from one’s own group (Lecture 5/16). On the other hand, transcultural composing uses both non-western and western elements to create a hybrid of styles, with no purpose of “othering” (Lecture 5/16). The differences between pure exoticism and transcultural are often easily noticeable due to the clear distinctions in their techniques, however, some works are more
…show more content…
Both compositions contrast two different styles, exotic and conventional. However, Bizet uses the juxtaposition to express the trials undergone by a woman who embodied several stereotypes. At the time, gypsies, Romans in Europe, were seen as ethnically different and their culture held many negative stereotypes. His character, Carmen, was a foreigner, both promiscuous and a gypsy, was seen as threatening for the French elite. She was contrasted to Micaëla who was portrayed as a “sexless white middle-class woman who espouses family values” (Frisch). Carmen’s foreign ethnicity was highlighted through Bizet’s use of Spanish-style music while Micaëla was conveyed using a musical style more similar to Opéra-Comique (Frisch). Bizet use of exotic music was intended to differentiate the subject, the gypsies, from his own group or people. Because of Bizet’s desire to display Carmen as an outsider to the French bourgeoisie, primarily based on her ethnicity it demonstrates differences in the techniques and intentions of the compositions by Bizet and …show more content…
Colin McPhee’s piece Tabuh-tabuhan can be classified as a transcultural composition due to his appreciation and desire to use gamelan music to improve the music of his own culture. On the other hand, Benjamin Britten’s opera Death in Venice incorporates elements of both forms of exoticism, making it more difficult to classify. When compared the character Carmen, however, it is evident that Britten does not have the same intentions of alienating subjects of the non-western culture as Bizet. This makes Britten’s use of gamelan music closer connected to transcultural composition as well. The fusion of non-western elements on western music has both the positive possibility to create new techniques, expanding musical knowledge, as well as the negative ability to further displace those viewed as

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Thus, Debussy creates a piece which sounds in whole Spanish without necessarily imitating and copying directly musical traditions of Spain. Since Debussy’s musical exoticism does not reflect directly the culture it tries to portray, it would be interesting to see this analysis applied to his Asian inflected music such as Pagodes and music influenced by gamelan. Given Debussy’s large interest in exotic music, he redefines the exotic and ancient to cater foreign influenced music to a wider range of audience. Debussy’s Prélude à l 'après-midi d 'un faune provides another interesting case study of connecting ancient Classical traditions to exotic musical settings. Such is the case of Prélude à l 'après-midi d 'un faune which narrates a faun’s encounters with several nymphs in a dreamlike manner.…

    • 1100 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    On the other, it practiced its own form of colonization through decontextualization, distortion, and projection of Surrealist fantasies and genders onto ethnographic art and cultures’””. In other words, the surrealists were exploiting marginalized and largely decimated cultures by adapting certain aesthetic relics that they found ‘pure’ in their alleged primitivism, despite their (the surrealists) lack of personal connection to the ancient cultures themselves. Kahlo’s use of indigenous imagery in her paintings was entirely different , and personally suitable, and her paintings could therefore not be considered surrealist based on their inclusion of certain pre-Columbian characteristics. Hi Frances! I think these are strong paragraphs, but they would benefit a lot more if you added…

    • 2103 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Great Essays

    For example, Hasty (2010) and Bogue (2003) both start with speaking about musical compositions that are analyzed in Deleuzian terms, but they usually succumb to the problems that are inherent in a nonrepresentational art forms, as they fall back to a discourse on notational techniques, inspiration for musical ideas, or a generalization of the musical genre. This is seen as Bogue (2003) starts out speaking about becoming-music, but soon the discussion is reduced to Messian 's ideas of notational devices. I know that there can be many interpretations on a myriad of subjects, such as music and class, but after reading Grose 's (2012) article, the promise of speaking about becoming- music falls into the common discussion of describing nature in musical terms. It is encouraging that Deleuze takes the position of the artist rather than the position of the audience as much discussion has been devoted to what the listener…

    • 1450 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Auto tune was only correct the off pitch in a recording. So auto tune can be used intelligently to modulate voice or to make an average singer sound better. Apart from voice, auto tune is used to improve over all tonal quality of instruments. Also if and when used cleverly, it can add a beautiful flavor to the music production. But however, auto tunes have some disadvantages on both music and musicians.…

    • 1290 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Greek and Roman authors describe female foreigners in almost diametric terms within the same works, creating a contradictory narrative. Due to Greek and Roman gender roles, women were meant to be subservient. To uphold cultural expectations for female characters, authors had to characterize them as weak. However, for the story to uphold cultural expectations regarding foreigners, the very same characters had to be described as violent and unstable. These opposing ideas lead to a dual view of the same characters.…

    • 1714 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    During the attack, dona Teresa Brao called the other women a black whore. “There was no greater insult to a married women than to label her a black whore, insulting her fidelity and her quality, since her honor is well known, and since she is not black but castiza”(185). These standards of racial and racial hierarchies were created by the Europeans and were forced on the Natives and Africans in Latin America. Without the Europeans being in central America these Mexican women would not have know that their skin…

    • 1400 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    In the end, it felt to me as if Sakakeeny is using these accounts from different people in New Orleans to try to find reasons to justify those accounts. Another limit, but also somewhat beneficial, to his field-work is that because “the subjective experience of those that [Sakakeeny] encountered varies greatly, but each of them has exerted agency through words, through action, and above all, through music” (p.179). The varied subjective accounts are very different, so it is very hard to pinpoint anything specific that might have an impact how New Orleans’s system work, but the way they there is umbrella theme over these different accounts is what defines New Orleans, and makes it…

    • 803 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Essay On Musical Lyrics

    • 819 Words
    • 4 Pages

    A common argument against this is that one can simply ignore the lyrics and enjoy the music with out any effect. It was stated in the article “The effect of auditory versus visual violent media exposure on aggressive behavior: The role of song lyrics, video clips and musical tone.” by Heidi I. Brummert Lennings and Wayne A. Warburton “In a study that controlled for aggressive musical tone, used stimuli from multiple genres, and used a behavioral measure of…

    • 819 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    He also stated that the attempting to transform abstraction into ideal and actions in reification could be dangerous. Small (2010) argued that “if there is no such a thing as music”, the meaning of music would not be exist based upon this theory. He stated that Western music scholars often dismiss the meaning of the music and attempt to focus on “the meaning of the work of music”. Small argued that Western classical music has been claimed as unique in the world’s musical culture due to its intellectual and spiritual achievement, however, it only exist as a small portion in world music appreciation and it is the activities in academic environment. On the other hand, ethnomusicology deals with more general music genres such as popular music.…

    • 1505 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    3 Critical Analysis The writing style of the book might be hard to understand as the author have separated the historical background and his own point of view into two part, so that it might be not tight enough that let reader become confused. Also, the theme popular music have been separated by different kinds of music, but actually, different kinds of music actually somehow have relation to each others, and in this case, different type of songs become an individual thing that haven’t got relationship to each others. If the author can consider this problem, the theme will become more tight and the audience may not be confused to the theme. In the aspect of Popular Music and Politics, I really agree that Popular Music is not the only thing that we can only see as entertaining. A German sociologist T.W.…

    • 959 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays