Naturalistic Observation Paper

755 Words 4 Pages
Methods
Participants
Two hundred adults (100 males, 100 females) were observed at a private Jesuit University’s library in the mid-west region during the evening. The participants were chosen via convenience sampling based off of the location and the nature of the study. Of the 100 males, 50 of them were observed utilizing headphones and 50 of them were observed without headphones in.Within the 100 females, 50 of them were observed using headphones and 50 of them were observed without headphones in. In addition to gender, ethnicity and dominant hand (right or left) was observed to ensure the results were applicable to the chosen demographics.
Materials
The observations that were collected from the sample mentioned previously were recorded using a data collection sheet, and observations were collected through naturalistic observation. The data collection sheet included the gender, dominant hand, and ethnicity of the participant, whether the participant was
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A chi-square test of independence was run. The test was performed to see the relation between listening to music while studying. The results between these two variables were found to be not significant, X²=(1, N=200) = .764, p > .05. Overall, the results showed that participants who listened to music were less distracted (56 / 100) than those who did not listen to music (42 /100). However, the chi-square test of independence showed no significance. Therefore, the results support, but do not accept hypothesis three: Listening to music while studying will cause students to become less distracted. Also, they do not support or accept hypothesis one: listening to music while studying will cause students to become distracted more often, because the results showed minimal difference between distraction and lack of music. Reference Figure 1, for further information on Hypotheses one and

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