Music And Episodic Musical Memory

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It is almost impossible to imagine our way of modern life without any music. There are so many ways for us to hear music, such as listening to the radio, go to concerts or play a musical instrument ourselves. According to the Dutch Radio Advice Bureau, 60 percent of the Dutch population owns and listens to their own radio installation and 66 percent listens to the radio in the car (Dutch Cowboys, 2013). These numbers show that music, indeed, is involved in a lot of people’s lives. On top of that, it has been proven that listening to music is an effective mood enhancer (Radstaak, Geurts, Brosschot, & Kompier, 2014).
Besides the improved mood one might get from hearing music, listening to music can also improve our memory (Dowling & Tillman,
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Explicit memory is a conscious, intentional memory while implicit memory is characterized by a lack of conscious awareness (Kerer et al., 2013). Then again, explicit musical memory can be divided into episodic and semantic musical memory. Episodic musical memory is the ability to retrieve spatiotemporal, personal and emotional contexts of the musical experience, for example remembering the place you were at when you heard the song for the first time. On the other hand, semantic musical memory concerns factual musical knowledge, associative or emotional concepts that are not linked to the retrieval of a specific personal experience, for example remembering the author’s name or the original melody of the song (Kerer et al., …show more content…
In general, healthy adults tend to remember emotional episodes better, that is more vividly, more completely and more accurately (Reisberg & Heuer, 2004 – as cited in Gleitman, Gross, & Reisberg, 2011). Amongst other things, emotional episodes are interesting to us, which makes us to pay close attention to them. When we pay close attention to something, it gets better stored into our long-term memory. Also, emotional episodes are likely to involve other issues or people, which makes us link them to other knowledge. Again, this makes it easier for us to remember emotional episodes better because these connections between knowledge promote memory (Gleitman et al.,

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