Museum Collection Hum 205 Essay

1819 Words Sep 27th, 2008 8 Pages
Axia College University of Phoenix
WORLD CULTURE AND THE ARTS (AXIA) HUM/205
Jaynelle Nixon
January 27, 2008

Museum Collection 2

Classical and Hellenistic Greece

One of the most well known piece of this time, is the statue called Ludovisi Gaul killing himself and his wife, also known as The Galatian Suicide. The original was made by Greek sculptors commissioned by Attalus I after his victories over the Gauls of Galatia. This is a statue of A man about to drive a dagger into his chest all while holding a dying woman (his wife) and looking over his shoulder, defiantly. The original statue was never recovered, however there were many copies commissioned through out different eras and rulers; they were an
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Early Chinese and Japanese

Traditional music of Japan could be considered a highly evolved art form, the history of music in Japan is hard to trace before the Nara(710-794) and Heian(794-1185) periods; but according to Chinese historical accounts it is known that music was an important part of
Japanese life from the earliest of times. Original Japanese music was of a folk music nature, simple and repetitious, until influenced by Chinese music. It was during the Heian period that

Museum Collection 5

Chinese instruments were included. From this came distinctly Japanese characteristics of music, also known as hogaku. Gagaku which means elegant or refined music and is intended to envelope the listener and produce an experience of weightlessness, balance, and serenity. This orchestra style of music used musical instruments from three categories, the winds, strings, and percussions. These instruments included the hichiriki a small cylindrical-bore double reed, the biwa, a four string, fretted, pear-shaped lute and is played with a small plectrum, and the kakko a small, double-headed cylindrical drum, the kakko regulated the tempo. Gagaku’s significance is unrivaled and also credited with being the oldest existing

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