Muscle Dysmorphi A Body Dysmorphic Disorder Essay

1782 Words Oct 23rd, 2016 8 Pages
Muscle dysmorphia, otherwise known as bigorexia, is categorized as a body dysmorphic disorder. This type of disorder can be found in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual under the section of obsessive-compulsive and related disorders. Muscle dysmorphia is specifically described in the diagnostic criteria for body dysmorphia. In the DSM-5, it is described as being almost exclusively occurring in males and it can be defined as the fixation on one’s insufficient muscular build and/or the idea that one’s body is too small (American Psychiatric Association, 2013, pg.243). The unfortunate part of this disorder is that gets little attention, mainly because women make up a higher number of body dysmorphia victims and muscle dysmorphia primarily effects men (Mosley, 2009, pg. 191). The discovery of this disorder is still fairly recent. According to a research, it was first discussed in 1993 as being a reverse anorexia nervosa because men were viewing themselves as being small and weak despite their large muscular figure (Kanayama & Pope Jr., 2011, pg. 96). Just like other body related disorders, there is a strong influence to partake in excessive or dangerous activity in order to achieve the ideal body appearance. “Behaviors include excessive weight lifting, eating large and frequent quantities of low-fat, high-protein food, the use of dietary supplements, and use of human growth hormones and anabolic-androgenic steroids” (Collis, Lewis & Crisp, 2016, pg. 214). This type of…

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