Multiple Sclerosis : A Disease That Impacts The Brain And Spinal Cord

1487 Words Nov 25th, 2016 6 Pages
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disease that impacts the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system). MS impacts the brain and spinal cord because the myelin sheath, which protects nerve fibers, is attacked by the immune system. Nerve fibers over time deteriorate or they become severely damages to the point where it is not reversible. The cause of this disease is not yet known but is classified as an autoimmune disease. It is said that a mix between genetics and environmental factors could be responsible cause of multiple sclerosis. While MS can become known at any age it primarily affects people between 15 years old to 60 years old. If a family member such as a parent of sibling was diagnosed with MS, you are twice as likely to develop this disease as well. The risk to become affected with MS is twice as high if you are female. Your risk of getting MS higher if you have type 1 diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, or thyroid disease. Symptoms of MS are numbness or weakness in one or more limbs, partial or complete loss of vision, prolonged doubled vision, tingling or pain in parts of your body, electric shock sensations, tremors, slurred speech, fatigue, dizziness, problem with bowel or bladder infections. There is no cure for MS and it is quite rare to the point that there are less than 200,00 cases per year. There are four different course multiple sclerosis can follow. In the relapsing-remitting course symptoms fade and the come and go for many years. Secondary…

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