Multiple Interventions And Approaches Within The Elementary General Education Classroom
Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA)
A special education teacher and/or a trained therapist often perform the ABA intervention. In elementary school classrooms, teachers can employ some of the same techniques suggested in the ABA treatment. Classroom teachers can start with relatively small tasks such as having students respond to basic requests made by an adult (Eikeseth et al., 2002; Sallows & Graupner, 2005). The small tasks can also be taught by using brief, simple instructions (Sallows & Graupner, 2005). Expressive language may also be a focus for students with ASD. Teachers can incorporate imitation training (nonverbal then verbal), and then begin with single sound and later words (Sallows & Graupner, 2005).
Working with students on play is another important characteristic that teachers can employ in early childhood and primary classrooms. ABA emphasizes play and social skills, starting with functional toy and parallel play and advancing to symbolic…