Essay on Multiculturalism

4396 Words Dec 29th, 2011 18 Pages
Ethnic stereotypes and multiculturalism.

Summary of course "Ethnic psychology"

Contents:

1. The concept and properties of ethnic stereotypes ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. 4
2. National prejudices. Types etnostereotipov ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .7
3.
4. Variants of the reactions to cultural diversity ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 12
5. Advantages and disadvantages of multiculturalism ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 16 Bibliographic list ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. 20

Introduction.

Considering the cultural differences in thinking, beliefs, attitudes and behavior, it is easy
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The purpose of the essay to disclose such things as national prejudices, ethnic stereotyping, stereotyping and multiculturalism. Describe their properties, structure, value, and the patterns of distribution in the world community.

1. The concept and properties of ethnic stereotypes.
The concept of "stereotype" was introduced into science the American psychologist Walter Lippmann. In 1922 the book "Public Opinion", he used the term social stereotype, defining it as an orderly, schematic, deterministic culture "picture of the world" in the human head.
Social stereotype - it's stable psychological education, in which the schematized, simplified, and emotionally reflected some fairly complex fact of reality, especially the image of a particular social group or community, easily distributed to all its members. [6]

Ethnic stereotypes - a type of social stereotypes, namely those that describe the members of ethnic groups they are assigned to or associated with them. To this day, everyday consciousness and in the media about ethnic stereotypes is widespread opinion as exclusively negative phenomenon. This is largely due to the fact that in the world of science is most often studied negative stereotypes are discriminated against ethnic minorities. Hence it comes, and the identification of stereotypes with prejudice.
National stereotypes are formed as a result of the operation of national customs, traditions and customs, they appear to be specific

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