Mughal Empire: Jalal-Din Muhammad Akbar, The Great

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Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Akbar was the third generation Mughal emperor, who was born in Umarkot, Sindh, and inherited the throne of his father, Humayun at the age of 13-14 in 1556. He ruled India for almost 50 years till 1605 during which India went through the most glorious period in its history. His empire saw Akbar grow from his teens and become a wise, strategic leader, who transformed India, and came to be known as Akbar, The Great.
During his early years of rule from 1556 to 1560, Akbar was a figure of the throne, and the main decisions of rule were made by first, his loyal tutor, Bairam Khan, and after his retirement and eventual death, by the emperor’s foster mother, Maham Anga. Akbar freed himself from her rule by punishing her son to
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When he ascended the throne, only Punjab and Bengal came under Mughal rule. By the end of Akbar’s period, the empire had engulfed Afghanistan, Bengal and Rajasthan areas near the Godavari River in the south. He practices the arts of mechanics, and practiced making guns and perfecting the cannons. He prided himself in being versatile in talent and never backed away from conquests on the account of rebellions taking over the empire. His army was continuously trained and never left on their …show more content…
His personality, his aura was charismatic-people were astounded by his presence. His court portrayed grandeur, art, literature, and debate flourished at his court. He was a philosopher, in the search of questions regarding life, and God, and customs. His curiosity of knowing the correct religion led him to introduce a religion(which many may call a conduct of life) called Din-e-Ilahi, in which he combined the goodness of all religions prevailing in India into one, unified truth. Din-e-Ilahi was to be followed by his loyal courtiers, and eventually ended when Akbar himself converted back to Islam. Though he was born a Muslim, he was tolerant to other religions and did not see Non-Muslims as a threat to the empire, but rather as an opportunity for him to grow, learn, and accept others, assimilating them in the empire eventually. He was inspired by Shias of Safavid, by Sufis who searched for God, by Hindus who worshipped the cow, by Zoroastrians who respected fire, by anyone and everyone who gave him the opportunity to learn. His respect to his subjects, and his liberal, tolerant mind made him India’s favorite

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