Mount Vesuvius : The Most Famous Known Volcano Essay
Mount Vesuvius is the most famous known volcano, possibly of all time. This extremely powerful volcano sits overlooking the ancient city of Pompeii and present day Naples. Its namely recognition is normally dedicated to the eruption in 79 A.D. This eruption was the explosion that destroyed the ancient city of Pompeii in Italy. The last Vesuvius eruption was in 1944 and it is believed that the volcano is due for another eruption in the near future. Vesuvius is the only active volcano in all of mainland Europe. Mount Vesuvius is a stratovolcano or a volcano built up of alternate layers of lava and ash. It is the most famous volcano in the Campanian volcanic arc. This volcanic arc stretches along the Italian coast line clear to Sicily south of the Italian peninsula. A volcanic arc is “a chain of volcanoes formed above a subducting plate.” The two plates that cause this arc are the Eurasian plate and the African plate. The Eurasian plat moves above the African plate causing volcanoes to emerge.
Mount Vesuvius is located as 40.82 degrees latitude and 14.43 degrees longitude in the Eastern hemisphere. It is found in the country of Italy and can be seen for miles around as it rises 1281 meters into the air. The Volcano can be found in the skyline in central southern Italy. It can be seen from the coastline of western Italy along the Tyrrhenian Sea. The city of Naples lies directly below the mountainous volcano and therefor is put in constant…