Motivational Interviewing : Theories About People 's Capabilities For Exercising Free Choice And Changing Through A Client

953 Words Nov 9th, 2016 4 Pages
Techniques
Rogers did not believe in using a set of techniques to deal with a client. Although Rogerians consider the therapist’s attitude as more vital than any technique, two main techniques that can be utilized with Ruth are reflection and motivational interviewing. Reflection is restating what the client says rather than interpreting those statements. For instance, Ruth reports that she “took a role on caring for her younger siblings, largely in the hope of winning the approval of her parents”, which can be restated as, “so you looked after your siblings mainly to please your parents”. Additionally, motivational interviewing is a widespread and commonly practiced technique by many healthcare professionals. It can be a great tool for helping Ruth because it is “designed to strengthen personal motivation for and commitment to a specific goal by eliciting and exploring the person’s own reasons for change within an environment of acceptance and compassion” (Corey, 2016). Motivational interviewing builds on Carl Rogers ' optimistic and humanistic theories about people 's capabilities for exercising free choice and changing through a process of self-actualization.
When utilizing this technique, the therapist first asks the client’s permission to discuss a topic or a problem because clients are more likely to discuss changing when asked, than when being told to change. Some questions that the therapist can ask Ruth are: Do you mind if we talk about your feelings of anxiety? Or…

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